Understanding the Effects of Sun Damage

Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation damages skin cells and can even an effect the DNR and RNA sequences in skin cells during the natural process of exfoliation. When this happens the skin cells begin to exhibit signs of skin aging, while also increasing your chances of developing skin cancer.

A specific type of skin cells known as Melanocytes, generate the pigment melanin when exposed to the sun. Melanin is designed to help protect the deeper layers of the skin from the damage caused by UV radiation. In the short term this is what causes you to tan, but prolonged exposure causes damage to skin cells and can lead to the premature development of dark spots.

Excess and prolonged sun exposure with insufficient SPF sunblock will eventually lead to skin irritation more commonly known as sunburn. When this happens the skin cells in the upper and even middle layers of the skin, can die which increasing skin aging, and skin cancer risk while also making it harder for your body to replace the skin in that area with healthy cells.

If you know you are going to be exposed to the sun for a prolonged period of time, you should apply an antioxidant sunblock with a high sun protection factor or SPF. A sunblock that has been fortified with antioxidant compounds will help nourish your skin even if a small amount of UV radiation damage occurs. Be sure to reapply the sunblock as needed and try to include a lip balm with SPF rating.

If you have sun damaged or skin aging related to sun damage, or you would like to know more about the anti-oxidant sunblock products available, please feel free to call Advanced Cosmetic Surgery Center of Kentucky at 866.234.0470 to schedule an appointment.